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 Barham Village History

 

History Genealogy The Barham Family

19th Century - The Village School Opened

 

Semaphore Stations During the Napoleonic Wars a series of semaphore stations were sited between Deal and London to warn of invasion.   Barham Down was the second station on the line and Telegraph Cottage is a present reminder. 
1804 Kentish Gazette The issue of 6th June advertises Mr Thomas Stringer, having taken a home in Barham, placed an advertisement "...begs to inform the inhabitants in that vicinity that he intends practicing as a surgeon apothecary, and mid-wife, and solicits the favour of their patronage..."
1804 Kentish Gazette Issue of 24th July records the War Office issuing an order for a camp to be built on Barham Down for about 5,000 men.   The spot for the encampment is on the area near the windmills.   Troops included the 1st & 3rd Batt. - 1st Foot Guard, 1st & 2nd Batt. - 18th Regiment, 53rd Regiment and 2nd Batt. - 61st Regiment.
1804 Kentish Gazette Issue of 23rd October records an advertisement for able men to fill the shortage of labour due to the Napoleonic Wars.   12 guineas were offered for two men to work within the parish.
1814 Toleration Act of 1689 On 20th May 1814 the Archbishop of Canterbury "---certifies that a Barn in the Parish of Barham in the occupation of Henry Bradley is intended to be used as a place of religious worship by an Assembly or Congregation of Protestants" - see Methodist Chapel
1829 Barham Vestry Records "George Bradley and family to emigrate to America".
Agricultural depression encourages residents to move to the new world and in the next year five families of twenty people left Barham.
1830 Kentish Gazette Issue of 30rd October records that during the labourers' revolt against working conditions and the mechanisation of agricultural business, Mr Sankey's threshing machine at Digges Place had been destroyed.   Some of the rioters were transported for life.
1834 Barham Church 32" 2nd bell originally cast by John Wilnar in 1633 was recast by Thomas Mears.
1835 Methodist Chapel John Hobday, a cordwainer of Barham, sold a plot of pasture land to a body of thirteen Trustees for "---twenty-one pounds of lawful English money" for the erection of a chapel.
1835 Planned Railway A railway from Herne Bay to Dover via Canterbury was presented to Parliamentary Agents on 30th November 1835 - see Proposed Railway
1836 Broome Park During the winter there were heavy falls of snow, a violent outbreak of influenza and in December - a "terrible storm" blowing down 3,000 fir trees at Broome Park.
1837 Methodist Chapel Building work was completed,  Jeremiah Sackett (owner of Breach Mill) became a lay preacher and a Steward of the Chapel.   It is also that the Sunday School started at the same time - see Methodist Chapel
1838 Duke of Wellington One of 10 men who bore the coffin of his old friend Sir Henry Oxenden at his burial at Barham Church.
c1840 Parish of Barham The present Parish was created around this time.   This separated it from Bishopsbourne for administrative purposes.
1841 Census Official count - 1,151.
1846 Tithe List There was a total of 4,645 acres held by owners and occupiers which contained 646 records - including properties, pastures, woods, roads and waste areas - of which 255 are in the Oxenden family ownership. 
1847 Barham Down Rev. Bryan Fausett of Kingston (the next village) found the Kingston Brooch whilst excavating.   Subsequently thirteen 6th century tumuli were opened and amethystine quartz beads, a crystal ball and a gold pennant are found.
1849 Cricket Ground First use - use was continuous until late 1990s (although there is still a cricket team bearing the village name to be found on the internet).
1849 Office of Constable George Argrave, watchmaker, appointed as constable and had to include the winding of the church clock in his duties.
1850 Paid Policeman George Daring suggested an appointment but this was disapproved by the church vestry.
1851 Census Official count - 1,105
1851 Barham Church A new steeple was added to the church tower to replace the earlier one that had become unsafe.
1858 Barham School Built "for the education of the children of the labouring, manufacturing, and other poorer classes" at a cost of 580. 57 "boys" and 97 "girls and infants" were taught by Mr. John Carter and Miss Charlotte Carter.
1861 Census Official count - 1,090
1869 Mill The mill which stood near the Old Mill House (now The Miller's Cottage) was removed and rebuilt in Margate.
1870 Barham School The school remained a church school even though the passing of the Education Act which established a national school system.
1871 Census Official count - 1,014
1874 Methodist Chapel An interior gallery was added to the Chapel (and possibly the original pews)
see - Methodist Chapel
1878 Kelly's Directory of Kent Records that the village contained the following trades: -
Baker, Blacksmith, Brewer, Brickmaker, Butcher, Carpenter, Carrier, Cobbler, Cooper, Cowman, Draper, Farmer, Grocer, Miller, Surgeon, Tailor, Victualer and Watchmaker
1881 Census Official count - 1,012
1885 The Oxenden Family In this year it is recorded that the Oxenden family owned 10 of the 43 holdings in the parish.
1887 Elham Valley Railway Barham railway station opens on 3rd July with service from Folkestone.   From 1st July 1889 the line was completed to Canterbury see Elham Valley Railway
1891 Census Official count - 1,014