Barham Hundred relates to a
measurement common in southern and eastern England at this time. It
was related to the payment due from the county to the treasury to call out
the "fryd", the Anglo-Saxon version of a Home Guard.
Odo, Bishop of Bayeux held the manor
directly from the King. Fulbert held it directly from Odo.
There was deemed to be arable land
to employ 32 plough teams. Fulbert held 3 of these for the land he
farmed. Holding their land were 52 peasant farmers (villains) and 20
cottagers (lower, economically, than villains) who had 18 plough teams.
There was a church and a mill of
which the annual profit was 20s 4d (about £1.02 in today's
money). There were 25 fisheries of an estimated annual value of 34s
8d (about £1.73). The tenants
undertook carrying for their lord which was valued at 60s 0d
(£3.00). Herbage - non permanent
meadow - from which a hay crop could be taken. Pasture or routing
for hogs was worth 150 hogs annually.
A barley farm on an outlying part of
the manor called Hulham (probably Ham on the western end of the parish) was held
by Herbert, son of Ivo, requiring 1 plough team for the land he farmed
himself. 12 villains held their land from him and this required 12
plough teams. There was also 20 acres of meadow.
A third part of the manor was held
by the Bishop of Osbern Paisforere with 2 mills worth 50s 0d (£2.50)
annually. Osbern farmed enough land to occupy 1 plough team and his
villains also had work for 1 team.
The tax value is summed up as that,
at the time of Edward the Confessor, it was worth £40. When the
Bishop received it the value was unchanged and yet it rendered him
£100. By itself Barham is worth £40 and Hulham £10 plus the land
worked by Osbern £6. A knight - Ranulf also held land worth £2.
Barham had thus appreciated in
value from £40 in 1066 to £58 in 1086 - but Odo had, one way or another,
managed to extract £100 from the manor. Odo was a hard
landlord and it can be certain that no tears were shed when, in 1088, all
of his property was confiscated and passed to the See of Canterbury and
the Archbishop of Canterbury thus became Lord of the Manor!